General Election 1969

Malaysian general election 10 mei 1969

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The Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan) made substantial gains in the elections.

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General elections were held in Malaysia on 10 May 1955, although voting was postponed until between 21 and 27 June in Sabah and Sarawak.[1] It resulted in the return to power, with a reduced majority, of the ruling Alliance Party, comprising the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), the Malayan Chinese Association, and the Malayan Indian Congress. The Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan) and the Democratic Action Party (DAP), which had campaigned against Bumiputra privileges outlined by Article 153 of the Constitution, made major gains in the election.[2] Voter turnout was 73.6%.

[edit] Results

Party

Votes

%

Seats

+/-

Alliance Party

1,063,238

44.8

77

-12

Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party

495,641

20.9

12

+3

Democratic Action Party

286,606

12.1

13

New

Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia

178,971

7.5

8

New

People’s Progressive Party

80,756

3.4

1

+2

Sarawak United People’s Party

71,293

3.0

5

New

Sarawak National Party

64,593

2.7

9

New

United Sabah National Organisation

31,947

1.3

13

New

Parti Pesaka Sarawak

30,765

1.3

2

New

Parti Rakyat

25,785

1.1

0

New

United Malaysian Chinese Organisation

1,808

0.1

0

New

Independents

41,710

1.8

1

+1

Invalid/blank votes

134,230

Total

2,532,042

100

140

+40

Source: Nohlen et al

The opposition parties’ gain at state level was more shocking to the Alliance Party which not only continued to lose to PAS in Kelantan, but also to political infant Gerakan in Penang. No party commanded an absolute majority in two other states. The Alliance held only 14 out of 24 seats in Selangor and 19 out of 40 in Perak.[2]

Very interestingly, the attrition of Malay support was much higher than that of the non-Malays. Malay opposition parties’ vote shares in the peninsula increased drastically from about 15% in 1964 to 25% in 1969 while the support for non-Malay opposition parties remained roughly the same at 26% in both elections. Thanks to the electoral system, however, PAS seats increased from nine to 12 seats only while the non-Malay opposition parties from eight to 25.

[edit] Reaction

Gerakan and DAP held a victory rally in Kuala Lumpur on 12 May, but the rally turned rowdy, with party members shouting racial epithets at Malay bystanders.[3] UMNO retaliated with its own rally on 13 May, which soon broke out into full-scale rioting, which subsequently became known as the May 13 Incident.[3]

[edit] References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p152 ISBN 0199249598
  2. ^ a b Report on the parliamentary (Dewan Rakyat) and state legislative assembly general elections 1969 of the states of Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak Election Commission of Malaysia
  3. ^ a b “The tragedy of May 13, 1969 (part 2)”. The Sun. July 26, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2010.

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Categories: General elections in Malaysia | 1969 elections in Asia | 1969 in Malaysia

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